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01览:167 商业时报:透露更多关于外国劳工的资料 作者:路人
主题:商业时报:透露更多关于外国劳工的资料
作者:路人 4:20pm 09/02/2006

这是《商业时报》(Business Times)上的读者来函,有一些数字很有意思。在电脑的帮助下草草翻译出来。读不通的地方骂电脑就好了。
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透露更多关于外国劳工的资料
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我回应Anna Teo的文章 '就业达到二百三十万的历史最高点' (BT, 2月2日) 。

多年来引入廉价、低技能的外国劳工是否压低了新加坡底层工人薪金,这个问题经常被问到。

根据新加坡国立大学经济学家Basant Kapur说, 这也许是一个构成因素, 只有在政府公开关于外国劳工在各个产业的数目和技能构成的更多数据后,这个问题才有可能更加清楚。

政府坚称这是敏感数据,为了国家利益必须保持秘密 。它不想暴露新加坡在对外国劳工依赖性方面的弱点。

保持数据秘密也许会对新加坡不利, 因为这会使别人得出这样的结论:我们是非常的依赖于外国劳工以至于我们不敢公开它。

我支持工作福利提案因为他们鼓励自食其力的工作, 我也想建议我们应该寻求更多措施,帮助那些在与外国人竞争同一份工作的新加坡人得到工作。

根据统计部门的最新的数据, 总人口增长从2004年4,240,300 到2005 年的4,351,400  - 增加111,100 。新加坡居民, 包括公民和永久居民,增加了66,600, 从3,486,900 增加到3,553,500。这意味着在人口增加中的外国人是 44,500 。

因为总出生人数是37,174 并且共计死亡是15,860, 在居民人口的净增量是21,314 。这意味着新永久居民的增加是44,686 (66,600 刨去21,314)?

如果这是实际情形, 那么增加人数中归因于外国人和永久居民是89,186 (44,500个外国人加上44,686位新永久居民) 。这是在总人口的增加的111,100 的百分之80 。

如果新加坡公民占只人口增量的百分之20, 为了更详细地了解失业情况, 有必要知道2005年所制造的110,000个新工作中对于新加坡公民和非公民所占的比例。

是哪一个问题比较大? 不让其他人知道我们对外国劳工有多依赖, 还是帮助64,000个失业者?

去年12月新加坡人和永久居民经季度调整后的失业率, 从9月的百分之4.4和2004年12月的百分之4下降为百分之3.3。 也许在某个新加坡人头脑的问题会是:  新加坡人失业率是多少?

在需要对外国劳工数据保守秘密,和在提高透明度以让所有相关人士一起帮助月入低于$1,200的300,000人这两者之间,我认为我们需要取得平衡。

Leong Sze Hian
新加坡


原文:

Published February 9, 2006

LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Disclose more info on foreign labour
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I REFER to the article 'Employment hits all-time high of 2.3 million' by Anna Teo (BT, Feb 2).

It has often been asked whether the inflow of cheap, low-skilled foreign workers into Singapore over the years has depressed wages at the bottom end.

This may have been a contributing factor, according to National University of Singapore economist Basant Kapur, who said greater clarity will only be possible if the government releases more data on the size and skills make-up of the foreign-worker workforce in individual industries.

The government has maintained that this is sensitive data kept secret for reasons of national interest. It does not want to expose Singapore's vulnerability in terms of its dependence on foreign labour.

Keeping data secret may be disadvantageous to Singapore, as we may in a sense be letting others draw the conclusion that we are so dependent on foreign labour that we are afraid to reveal it.

I support the workfare proposals as they encourage self-reliance by working, and would like to suggest that we explore more measures to help Singaporeans to get jobs vis-a-vis foreigners who may be competing for the same jobs.
  
According to the Department of Statistics' latest data, the total population grew from 4,240,300 in 2004 to 4,351,400 in 2005 - an increase of 111,100.

Singapore residents, comprising citizens and permanent residents, increased by 66,600, from 3,486,900 to 3,553,500. This means that the increase in the population due to foreigners was 44,500.

As total live-births were 37,174 and total deaths were 15,860, the net increase in the resident population was 21,314.

Does this mean that the increase due to new permanent residents was 44,686 (66,600 minus 21,314)?

If this is the case, then the increase due to foreigners and permanent residents was 89,186 (44,500 foreigners plus 44,686 new permanent residents).

This is 80 per cent of the 111,100 increase in the total population.

If Singaporeans accounted for only 20 per cent of the population increase, in order to get a more detailed picture of the unemployment situation, it's necessary to know the proportion of the 110,000 new jobs created in 2005 that went to Singaporeans vis-a-vis non-citizens.

Which is the bigger problem? Not letting others know how dependent we are on foreign labour, or helping the 64,000 unemployed?

The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for Singaporeans and permanent residents was 3.3 per cent last December, down from 4.4 per cent in September and 4 per cent in December 2004. The question that may be on the minds of some Singaporeans is: what is the unemployment rate for Singaporeans?

I think we need to balance the need for foreign labour data secrecy with more transparency to enable all stakeholders to work together to help the 300,000 people who earn less than $1,200 a month.

Leong Sze Hian
Singapore

本文修改于: 10:17pm 09/02/2006



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